Teachers Collaborating

Bridging the Gap

This weekend, I watched a documentary titled “The Truth about Reading,” which shed light on the alarming illiteracy crisis in America, especially focusing on adults who learned to read later in life. It presented solutions for paving the way towards a future where every student achieves reading proficiency. This documentary resonated deeply with me, recalling my own educational journey, both as a student who struggled with reading and as an educator who taught for years without a foundational understanding of phonics and phonemic awareness. Despite my extensive teaching experience, it wasn’t until I participated in an Explicit Phonics course offered by my district that I experienced a professional epiphany. This course transformed my understanding of reading instruction and emphasized the critical need for explicit phonics training. My experience is a testament to the disconnect between good educational theories and their practical implementation, leading to significant gaps in effective teaching strategies. Recognizing this, I propose a fusion of Professional Development (PD) and Professional Learning Communities (PLCs) centered on the Science of Reading, aiming to bridge the gap between theory and practice and ensure every student’s success in reading.


The Reality of Educational Training and Its Shortcomings

Historically, the education system has oscillated in its approach to teaching reading, with phonics and phonemic awareness often sidelined or misunderstood. As a teacher, I was initially equipped with strategies that prioritized guessing from context clues over systematic phonics instruction. This approach, reflective of broader educational trends, consistently fell short in addressing the complex needs of struggling readers. My personal journey of discovery revealed the stark absence of explicit phonics instruction in teacher education and its detrimental impact on literacy development. This revelation underscores the broader issue: educational training frequently fails to equip teachers with the necessary tools to effectively teach reading, perpetuating a cycle of inadequate literacy instruction.


The Science of Reading: A Paradigm Shift

The Science of Reading represents a comprehensive framework, encompassing phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension. This paradigm shift emphasizes evidence-based instruction strategies, yet a significant gap remains between theoretical understanding and classroom application. My transformation began with an in-depth exploration of phonics, challenging the misconception that phonemic awareness and phonics are unnecessary beyond early elementary grades. This experience illuminated the importance of these foundational skills across all grade levels, advocating for a systematic approach to reading instruction.


The Role of PD and PLCs in Addressing Literacy

Traditional PD often fails to resonate with classroom realities, offering generic, one-size-fits-all solutions that seldom translate into improved teaching practices. Conversely, PLCs offer a platform for sustained, collaborative learning among educators. Integrating PD focused on the Science of Reading with PLCs can create a dynamic learning ecosystem where teachers continuously learn, apply, reflect, and refine their instructional strategies. This integrated approach promises a more effective and sustainable impact on teaching practices and student outcomes.


Implementing the Combined Approach

  • Professional Development Sessions: These should be intensely focused on the Science of Reading, providing educators with the research, theory, and practical strategies necessary for effective phonics instruction, ensuring immediate classroom applicability.
  • PLC Integration: Teachers should form PLCs to plan, implement, and evaluate the effectiveness of the reading strategies learned in PD sessions. Regular PLC meetings would facilitate discussions on outcomes, challenges, and the refinement of teaching methods based on collective insights.
  • Continuous Improvement Cycle: Within PLCs, data and feedback should drive instructional adjustments, promoting an adaptable and evolving approach to teaching, grounded in evidence and shared experiences.


Overcoming Challenges and Streamlining Processes

The journey of integrating PD and PLCs, particularly in the realm of the Science of Reading, is not without its challenges. It demands a strategic approach to ensure that professional learning is impactful without being overwhelming. A crucial step in this process is to engage in reflective questioning to ascertain the viability and potential impact of this integrated approach in a school setting. Educators and school leaders should consider the following questions:

1. How well does our current PD address the specific literacy needs of our students?
2. To what extent do our existing PLCs facilitate effective, collaborative problem-solving and continuous professional growth?
3. Are we prepared to commit the necessary time and resources to merge PD with PLCs effectively?
4. How can we measure the impact of this integrated approach on teaching practices and student learning outcomes?

Addressing these questions can lead to a clearer understanding of the current state and the potential benefits of combining PD and PLCs. For schools interested in exploring this approach, the following steps can serve as a starting point:

1. Conduct a Needs Analysis: Evaluate current literacy instruction practices and outcomes to identify specific areas for improvement.
2. Review Existing PD and PLC Structures: Assess the effectiveness and alignment of current PD programs and PLCs with the school’s literacy goals.
3. Engage Stakeholders: Include teachers, administrators, and other educational stakeholders in the discussion to gain diverse insights and build consensus.
4. Plan a Pilot Program: Start with a small, manageable pilot to test the integration of PD and PLCs focused on the Science of Reading, allowing for adjustments based on initial feedback and outcomes.


Reflecting on the insights gained from “The Truth about Reading” and my personal teaching experience, the fusion of PD with PLCs stands out as a potent strategy for enacting school-wide instructional change. The documentary and my journey underscore the critical need for systematic and explicit phonics instruction, which has been overlooked in many educational settings. By combining PD sessions focused on the Science of Reading with collaborative and reflective PLCs, schools can create a robust framework for implementing new instructional strategies effectively.

This integrated approach ensures that teachers are not only exposed to the latest research and strategies but also have the support and collaborative environment to apply, reflect, and refine these methods in their classrooms. Ultimately, this leads to a more cohesive and effective literacy instruction model that can significantly impact student reading outcomes. Embracing this combined approach can be the key to unlocking the full potential of both professional development and learning communities, ensuring that the gap between theory and practice in reading instruction is finally bridged.